Annual Exams A Must Have For Women: Know What To Expect

Annual Exams A Must Have For Women: Know What To Expect

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Life isn’t very easy for women. Our ability to create and nurture babies make our bodies go through many changes and these changes can in turn bring many health issues.

This makes it necessary for us to get a regular annual checkup done to spot and treat problems to avoid any grave conditions. Here is what you need to expect when you go for a gynecological check-up.

Pelvic examination:

When you go for a pelvic exam, your doctor may ask for details about your last menstrual cycle and the discomforts that you may be experiencing during the cycle. In this examination, the size and shape of your ovaries are checked.

PAP smear:

This is one of the most important tests used to check for cervical cancer. It is recommended to get it done while you are around 21 years old or after you become sexually active. This test helps in spotting any precancerous changes of the cervix cells or any abnormal growths or cervical erosions which can turn life threatening in near future.

Clinical breast examination:

This test helps in detecting cysts, lumps or any breast abnormalities. In case of a doubt, your doctor may suggest you to undergo a mammogram or a biopsy to check for the possibility of cancer.

If you are in your 20’s or above, you need to get this examination done once in every three years or if you are 40 and above you need to get it done once every year as per your doctor’s recommendations. In case you have a family history of cancer, you need to get this examination done more often say once in six months. In fact, you can conduct a self-breast exam every month.

Questions regarding your sex life:

In case you are sexually active, your doctor may ask you questions based on it like the type of contraception you have been using etc. Your doctor may also provide you with various options like pills, injections, intra-uterine devices (IUDs) or implantable hormonal delivery systems in case you are having problem in conceiving.

Screening for Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI):

It is also very important to keep a check for and rule out the possibility of sexually transmitted diseases, like HIV, syphilis, genital herpes, chlamydia, gonorrhea, viral diseases and genital warts and others. At least once a year if you test positive for any of these through a blood or other test, you need to go for treatments to prevent re-infection or spread of the same.

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